Bacterial vaginosis causes

Many women assume that vaginal yeast infections are the most common vaginal infections, but the truth is that bacterial vaginosis is the more frequently occurring vaginal infection among women of reproductive age.

In the US, BV affects about 16% of women during pregnancy, and 10%-64% of the general female population at any given time. Medical scientists are still trying to determine the exact bacterial vaginosis causes. What is known to date is that some changes occurred in the vaginal environment in BV.

In bacterial vaginosis, the balance of the ‘good’ and ‘bad’ bacteria inhabiting the vaginal area is disrupted in bacterial vaginosis – the number of ‘good’ hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli is reduced while the concentration of multiple ‘bad’ anaerobic bacteria is increased. This is the reason why BV is not easily diagnosed and treated completely, because there are so many types of bacteria to identify and get rid off!

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Before going further to read about other bacterial vaginosis causes or risk factors, it is important to debunk some of the common myths about BV infection. First of all, you must know that you don’t get bacterial vaginosis:

* Sitting on chairs or toilet seats.

* Beddings – mattresses or linens you sleep on.

* Swimming pools.

* Touching things around you.

Identified bacterial vaginosis causes and risk factors include:

Sexual activity

Although bacterial vaginosis is not considered as STD, medical scientists found an association between sexual activity and the BV, although it remains unclear as to how sex alters the balance of vaginal bacteria.

Almost all women who are diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis are sexually active, but, though rarely, the infection can occur in females who have not had sexual intercourse, and the causing germs have also been found in the rectum of virginal boys and girls. So far, sexual activity is the strongest contributing factor to bacterial vaginosis.

Medical observations so far are that:

* The incidence of bacterial vaginosis increases when the number of sexual partners increases.

* BV may be related to having a new sexual partner.

* The male partner(s) of women with BV may carry the same bacteria in their urinary tract, but the male does not experience any symptom of BV.

* Not using a condom may increase the chances of getting BV.

* Receptive oral sex is associated with BV.

Vaginal douching

Medical studies have found that vaginal douching increases the risk for disruption of the vaginal flora, and thus bacterial vaginosis. The proposed hypothesis for this is that douching causes an imbalance to the vaginal flora or stimulates inflammation as a result of physical or chemical irritation. This then predisposes the woman to BV. Most commercial douche products contain mainly fragrance, water and acetic acid, but some also contain surfactant detergents.

Surfactant detergents have bacterial and viral killing properties by damaging their cell structure. However, it also wash away antibacterial factors or disturb vaginal cell membranes, causing irritation to the vaginal wall lining and increasing the susceptibility to infection.

Other identified bacterial vaginosis causes

* Cigarette smoking

* Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control

* Stress

To know what treatments are available for bacterial vaginosis, go to this page.

Click here to be permanently free from BV – in just 3 days!