Bacterial vaginosis symptoms

Top bacterial vaginosis relief guideBacterial vaginosis is known as Gardnerella vaginitis in the past, named after the bacteria that were thought to be the only culprit causing the condition. The newer name, bacterial vaginosis, is actually a better reflection of the fact that it is caused by the overgrowth of multiple species of bacteria naturally living in the vaginal area.

While the disease is not dangerous or life-threatening, bacterial vaginosis symptoms can cause great discomfort, inconvenience and distress in women afflicted with the infection. The typical symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are little to moderate increase in vaginal discharge and foul vaginal odor. The discharge is usually thin and grayish white, and you can see bubbles present in the vaginal fluid. The vaginal odor is usually an unpleasant fishy smell. These symptoms often become more noticeable after sexual intercourse. Vaginal irritation may or may not present. However, about 50%-75% of women who have the condition don’t experience any bacterial vaginosis symptoms at all. The unpleasant symptoms of BV can be effectively treated.

It is difficult to determine if the amount of vaginal discharge represents an abnormal amount, because what is considered normal differs from woman to woman. If you think your vaginal discharge is abnormal or the amount is excessive, then you should visit your doctor for a diagnosis to rule out more serious infections such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia.

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What causes the fishy vaginal odor?

It is caused by the production of a compound known as amines by the anaerobic bacteria. Amines become unstable as the pH increases, which occurs in BV due to a decrease in the number of lactobacilli bacteria (vaginal pH is over 4.5 in BV). The symptom gets worse when vaginal alkalinity is enhanced, such as after sex (due to the presence of semen) and during menses (due to the presence of blood).

Complications that may arise from bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis symptoms are very disconcerting, but are not the only concern for the affected women. BV has been reported to be related to a number of complications.

  • Higher susceptibility to other sexually transmitted infections and HIV.
  • More likely to acquire chlamydial cervicitis, trichomoniasis, herpes simplex infection.
  • Enhanced risk of infection after pelvic surgery, i.e. pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • 6-time increase in postpartum endometritis if there was BV before cesarean delivery.
  • Decreased success of in-vitro fertilization procedures.
  • Increased risk of cystitis.
  • If a woman have BV during pregnancy, there is an increased risk in major adverse pregnancy outcomes, e.g. preterm labor, low-birth-weight, premature ruptures of membranes, and spontaneous abortion.

Click here if you want to get rid of those nasty bacterial vaginosis symptoms in 3 days!